At the European Network for Cinema and Media Studies (NECS) conference in Budapest a workshop was held on Online Archives. Presenters were Rick Prelinger (21st Century Archives: Access, Authority and the Social Contract) and three members of the Video Active consortium: Sonja de Leeuw (Creating TV Memories Across Europe. Transnational Archiving and Transnational TV History), András Balint Kovács (Mission Impossible – Cultural Heritage versus Online Services), and Pelle Snickars (Media as Archives). Sonja de Leeuw presented on Video Active and focused on the possibilities and limitations of doing transnational televlsion history. It was discussed how Video Active provides one solution as it creates access to Europe’s television heritage through a multilingual portal, and at the same time it intensifies co-operation between archives, academics and technology. Video Active’s added value was dicussed in terms of comparison, metadata and signifying practices. Its possible implications were addressed by focusing on the relationship between heritage, memory and identity and by discussing how the archive would function as a cultural agent and cultural practice. Issues such as access online, canonicity as well as the changing relationship between audioviual culture and its participants were also addressed in the other presentations and made up for a lively discussion on online archives.